What is Robots txt in SEO? Example with code.


A robots.txt file is a text file that is used to instruct search engines, such as Google and Bing, which pages or sections of a website should not be crawled or indexed. The file is typically located in the root directory of a website, and is accessed by search engine bots when they visit the site.

The robots.txt file uses a specific syntax, known as the Robots Exclusion Protocol (REP), to specify which parts of a website should be excluded from crawling. For example, a website owner may use the robots.txt file to exclude pages that are under development, or to exclude pages that contain sensitive information.

It's worth noting that the use of a robots.txt file does not guarantee that a page will not be indexed or that it will not appear in search results. Some crawlers might ignore the robots.txt file and some might not, and also some hackers may use the file to find vulnerabilities.

However, having a robots.txt file and using it correctly is a best practice in SEO. It helps to prevent search engines from indexing duplicate or irrelevant content, and it can also help to improve website performance by reducing the number of pages that need to be crawled.

Sure, here is an example of a basic robots.txt file that disallows all search engines from crawling the entire website:

This code tells all search engine crawlers ("User-agent: *") not to crawl any pages ("Disallow: /") on the website.

Here is another example that allows all search engines to crawl the entire website:

This code tells all search engine crawlers ("User-agent: *") that there is no page that should not be crawled ("Disallow: ") on the website.